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Posts Tagged ‘Body-Worn Cameras’

Increase in Body Worn Cameras

Wednesday, April 15th, 2015

vievuIn the last year, Primeau Productions has seen a huge increase in surveillance video cases. Most of this began with CCTV (closed circuit television) systems, which back in 2013 helped identify the Boston Marathon Bombers. More recently, body worn cameras have been adopted by many police stations across the US ever since President Obama authorized funding for police stations to purchase these systems. Currently, there are numerous police stations around the country that are testing out different systems and learning how to properly integrate them into their procedures. Many of the stations have been open with the public about their testing and have begun to approve further funding to outfit more officers with cameras.

The Grand Rapids, Michigan Police Department was recently testing two different kinds of body-worn cameras among eight different police officers, who presented their feedback on the camera systems online. The city has now approved the funding for two hundred officers to be outfitted with cameras. The Seattle, Washington Police Department has also been very open about their body camera testing, even releasing some of the footage online for the public to see. To maintain privacy, they blurred the video and removed the audio so no individuals could be identified. A large amount of the public has been pushing for police worn body cameras ever since the Michael Brown shooting in Ferguson, Missouri last August.

The benefit of body worn cameras is that they protect both the public and police officers. Many police stations are in full support of the cameras because there will no longer be a question of what happened during an altercation. If a complaint is made against an officer, they will be able to check the body camera video and see whether the officer was acting inappropriately or if the complaint is accurate. Many stations believe this will be very helpful with training officers and improving the relationship between the public and police.

The biggest issue arising from the increase of body worn cameras is the huge amount of data being created. Not only does this require a very large amount of storage space, but it must be stored securely so that the video evidence cannot be tampered with. Thankfully, many of the companies providing these body worn cameras, such as VIEVU, also include software that ensures the evidence cannot be meddled with between the camera and the system. VIEVU’s system in particular makes sure that any video being downloaded from a camera has not been tampered with prior to the download. Access to the video will be limited to authorized personnel only to maintain the authenticity and safety of the video evidence.

As a Video Forensic Expert, I see many benefits to this increase in body worn cameras. I have worked on numerous cases in which evidence from a body worn camera greatly helped the investigation and proceeding trial. Police dash cameras have often been used as video evidence for investigations but they often do not show the entire altercation because of their stationary view. Police body worn cameras add a second perspective to be used along with the dash cam which can be invaluable to an investigation. Having the two angles of the event in question allows anyone involved in the case to get a better picture of what happened.

 

Body-Worn Cameras: Life or Death

Tuesday, January 27th, 2015

vievu2The more video becomes available the more real life situations enter the courtroom. The quality of body worn cameras as well as surveillance CCTV video is improving to the point that video forensic enhancement is not necessary. In a recent fatal shooting in Flagstaff, Arizona the murder of a police officer was recorded on his very own, department issued body cam. Had his murderer not committed suicide (with the officer’s weapon) he would have, when captured, gone on trial to prove his innocence, possibly with a claim of ‘self defense’ or that the officer attacked him and the gun went off accidentally. If this video was not created hundreds of thousands of dollars would have been spent investigating the circumstances of the officer’s death. None of that expense was incurred, all because of a body camera video.

Primeau Forensics has worked with body camera manufacturer, VIEVU, based in Seattle, Washington, to help their research and development of their body worn cameras, which are primarily sold to more than 4,000 agencies in 16 countries. Primeau Forensics helped them test the field of view (FOV) for their cameras. We researched the various FOV options to learn what degree of a lens was most optimal in body worn camera situations.

President Obama recently proposed a bill to provide funding to police departments for the purchase of body worn cameras. The proposal includes $75 million to help pay for 50,000 of the lapel-mounted cameras, with state and local governments paying half the cost. This proposal occurred shortly after the Michael Brown shooting in Ferguson, Missouri. This is an important and crucial development in forensic video. As a video forensic expert I am thrilled to see body worn camera video help litigators learn more about a series of events that occurred, first hand, saving our judicial system a lot of money investigating cases and, often, ensuring a correct decision in a person’s guilt or innocence.

Body Worn Cameras; More Safe than Dash Cam for Police

Tuesday, December 9th, 2014

body worn camera policeAfter the controversial grand jury announcement in the case of Michael Brown, President Obama has proposed the idea of issuing police departments across the nation with body-worn cameras for law enforcement. Between Michael Brown, and the controversy behind the Eric Garner case, citizens are asking: Will body-worn cameras help police as well as the public? In this video forensic expert’s opinion, the answer to that question is a resounding YES!

Video is the least challenged of all digital media forensic evidence. It provides a clear indication of the events as they occurred by allowing the judge and jury to observe the event with their own eyes. Nothing is as revealing as video to clearly show the court exactly what happened.

Had Darren Wilson, the officer involved in the Michael Brown shooting, worn a body-worn camera, the case might have had a different outcome. The ability for the jury to see something first person can be invaluable to their decision.

Here’s an example: In the video embedded below, courtesy of ABC News, we see two pieces of evidence: footage of a confrontation taken from the dash-cam, along with evidence taken from the body worn camera. As the first half of the video shows, the police officer in question tackles the suspect for seemingly no reason. The body-cam, however, tells a completely different story.


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What the white Kia in the driveway blocks is the event that takes place at 1:53 of the video, whereas the suspect openly tries to assault the police officer in question. In this instance, had a body worn camera not been issued, the jury may have interpreted this in a completely different way.

Last year, Primeau Forensics had the opportunity to test and review one of these body worn cameras, the VieVu LE2. These cameras would be phenomenal for police forces all over the U.S. It’s 72-degree wide angle lens allows for a wider first person perspective, so that even a suspect standing at a distance from the officer is still being recorded. The near-professional quality of the audio and video ensure a clear understanding of the situation, and the digital signature security ensures that the video footage cannot be tampered with while on the device.

Body-worn cameras could completely revolutionize the court system and how it interprets evidence. Video like this can be instrumental to the outcome of a case, as it provides the most realistic representation of what exactly transpired in a given confrontation. As shown above, not even a dash-cam can always show us everything, but having a first person perspective of a given confrontation is pivotal to the jury’s final decision.

For more info on body-worn cameras, check out CEO Ed Primeau’s interview with VIEVU CEO Steve Ward here!

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